spruce pine Pinaceae Pinus glabra Walter Listen to the Latin symbol: PIGL2 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Evergreen needles, 1 1/2 to 4 inches long, fascicle of 2, slender, soft, dark green. The fascicle sheath is persistent.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, purple to yellow, in clumps at ends of twig; females light green to red, at ends of new growth.
Fruit: Small cone, 1 to 2 inches long, ovoid, small prickle. It is similar to shortleaf pine but smaller and rounder.
Twig: Slender. Reddish brown, some purple may be present.
Bark: On young trees grayish brown, with age develop rounded top ridges and becoming dark reddish brown and scaly, spruce-like.
Form: Very attractive tree, height to 90 feet, open crown.

Looks like: shortleaf pine - pond pine - Virginia pine - sand pine
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Pinus glabra is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting spruce pine.
More: Wood
External Links:
USDAFS Silvics of North America
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
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