spruce pine Pinaceae Pinus
|Leaf: Evergreen needles, 1 1/2 to 4 inches long, fascicle of 2, slender, soft, dark green. The fascicle sheath is persistent.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, purple to yellow, in clumps at ends of twig; females light green to red, at ends of new growth.
Fruit: Small cone, 1 to 2 inches long, ovoid, small prickle. It is similar to shortleaf pine but smaller and rounder.
Twig: Slender. Reddish brown, some purple may be present.
Bark: On young trees grayish brown, with age develop rounded top ridges and becoming dark reddish brown and scaly, spruce-like.
Form: Very attractive tree, height to 90 feet, open crown.
Looks like: shortleaf pine
- pond pine
- Virginia pine
- sand pine
| Additional Range Information:
Pinus glabra is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting spruce pine.
| External Links:
Silvics of North America
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson