Leaf: Evergreen needles, 1 1/2 to 4 inches long, fascicle of 2, slender, soft, dark green. The fascicle sheath is persistent.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, purple to yellow, in clumps at ends of twig; females light green to red, at ends of new growth.
Fruit: Small cone, 1 to 2 inches long, ovoid, small prickle. It is similar to shortleaf pine but smaller and rounder.
Twig: Slender. Reddish brown, some purple may be present.
Bark: On young trees grayish brown, with age develop rounded top ridges and becoming dark reddish brown and scaly, spruce-like.
Form: Very attractive tree, height to 90 feet, open crown.
Looks like: shortleaf pine - pond pine - Virginia pine - sand pine
Additional Range Information: Pinus glabra is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. Download the full-size PDF map.
More Information: Wood
External Links: USDAFS Silvics of North America - USDAFS FEIS Silvics - USDA Plants Database - Horticulture Information - USDAFS Forest Products Lab
All material © 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information