sand pine Pinaceae Pinus clausa (Chapm. ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg. Listen to the Latin symbol: PICL Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Evergreen needles in fascicles of 2, 2 to 3 inches long, yellow-green, slightly twisted.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, yellow, near branch tip; females yellow to purple.
Fruit: Cones, 2 to 3 1/2 inches long, armed with a short, stout prickle, reddish brown to gray-brown, often clustered, persistent and remaining closed.
Twig: Slender, reddish to gray-brown.
Bark: Thin, reddish brown to gray-brown, relatively smooth but eventually developing scaly patches.
Form: Small (20 to 40 feet), scrubby tree with generally poor form and a bushy crown, branches tend to angle up.

Looks like: Virginia pine - shortleaf pine - spruce pine
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Pinus clausa is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting sand pine.
More: Wood
External Links:
USDAFS Silvics of North America
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
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