|Leaf: Evergreen needles in fascicles of 2, 2 to 3 inches long, yellow-green, slightly twisted.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, yellow, near branch tip; females yellow to purple.
Fruit: Cones, 2 to 3 1/2 inches long, armed with a short, stout prickle, reddish brown to gray-brown, often clustered, persistent and remaining closed.
Twig: Slender, reddish to gray-brown.
Bark: Thin, reddish brown to gray-brown, relatively smooth but eventually developing scaly patches.
Form: Small (20 to 40 feet), scrubby tree with generally poor form and a bushy crown, branches tend to angle up.
Looks like: Virginia pine
- shortleaf pine
- spruce pine