buttonwood Combretaceae Conocarpus
|Leaf: Evergreen, alternate, thick and leathery, with an entire margin, generally oval but variable, to 4 inches long and 2 inches wide, green and glabrous or silvery hairy (var. sericeus) above and below.
Flower: Occuring in dense 1/2 inch round heads on a 2 to 4 inch branched panicles, yellow-green, individual flowers tiny with 5 petals, blooming throughout the year.
Fruit: A tightly-packed multiple of 2-winged achens, cone-like and round, up to 1 inch in diameter, purple-brown to red-brown and darkening with age, borne on a 2-4 inch branched panicles, ripening throughout the year.
Twig: Slender, green to gray-brown, may be glabrous or pubescent, may be angled or winged.
Bark: Initially smooth and gray, developing scaly-topped ridges and darkening with age.
Form: Usually a broadly spreading shrub to 20 feet, occasionally a small tree to 50 feet.
Looks like: black mangrove
- white mangrove
- red mangrove
- pond apple
| Additional Range Information:
Conocarpus erectus is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting buttonwood.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson