red mangrove Rhizophoraceae Rhizophora mangle L. Listen to the Latin symbol: RHMA2 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Opposite, simple, elliptical, entire margin, evergreen, thickened, 1 to 5 inches long, shiny green above, paler below.
Flower: Pale yellow, 4 petals in small cluster from leaf axils.
Fruit: Reddish brown, egg-shaped, 1 to 1 1/2 inches long, often germinate while still on the tree.
Twig: Stout, reddish brown, long (1 to 1 1/2 inches) green buds.
Bark: Initially smooth, later develops long, flat scaly gray ridges, furrows split revealing a reddish brown.
Form: Shrubby small tree that may reach up to 80 feet tall, reddish, tangled prop roots common that originate from the trunk and branches.

Looks like: black mangrove - buttonwood - white mangrove - pond apple
leaf fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Rhizophora mangle is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting red mangrove.
External Links:
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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