Chihuahua pine Pinaceae Pinus leiophylla Schiede & Deppe Listen to the Latin symbol: PILE Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Evergreen needles, 2 1/2 to 4 1/2 inches long, in fascicles of 3, stout, fascicle sheath sheds in first year, blue-green with white stomatal bands.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males purple than turning yellow, in clusters at branch tips; females red, at branch tips, appearing in spring.
Fruit: Woody cone, 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long and nearly as wide, dark reddish to gray-brown with a long stalk, slight prickle on scale, requires 3 years to mature and persist on the tree for many years.
Twig: Moderately stout, reddish brown, narrow pointed buds.
Bark: Very dark (nearly black), thick, coarse ridges, lighter reddish brown, deep vertical fissures.
Form: A small tree reaching up to 50 feet tall and 2 feet in diameter, open crown with upturned branches.

Looks like: ponderosa pine - Apache pine - pitch pine
leaf fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Pinus leiophylla is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting Chihuahua pine.
External Links:
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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