Apache pine Pinaceae Pinus
engelmannii Carrière symbol: PIEN2
Leaf: Evergreen needles, 8 to 14 inches long, three to a fascicle, dull dark green, clustered, brush-like and often drooping near the ends of twigs.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males yellow to purple, cylindrical, in clusters at ends of twigs; females small, reddish, at branch tips.
Fruit: Woody ovoid cone, 4 to 7 inches long, reddish brown, sessile or with a very short stalk, armed with a short, stout prickle.
Twig: Stout, gray-brown becoming very dark, buds large (1/2 to 3/4 inch long), resinous, needles tufted and drooping at branch tips.
Bark: Dark grayish brown, furrows reddish brown, on larger trees bark develops lighter reddish brown, scaly plates.
Form: A medium sized tree reaching 60 to 80 feet tall with a straight trunk and regular open crown with a few large branches.
Looks like: ponderosa pine - Chihuahua pine - longleaf pine
Additional Range Information: Pinus engelmannii is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. Download the full-size PDF map.
External Links: USDAFS FEIS Silvics - USDA Plants Database
All material © 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information