California juniper Cupressaceae Juniperus californica Carrière Listen to the Latin symbol: JUCA7 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Evergreen, scale-like, arranged whorled in 3's resulting in a round twig, young or vigorously growing twigs may produce awl-like needles; small gland on back; yellow-green.
Flower: Species is dioecious; males are small, pale yellow, in large clusters at ends of twigs; females are small, round, pale green.
Fruit: Berry-like cones, round to slightly egg shaped, 1/2 to 3/4 inch in diameter, bluish and glaucous but turning reddish brown when mature, sweet but dry, and not resinous, 2 (sometimes 1) seed per fruit, matures in 2 growing seasons.
Twig: Slender to moderate, round, initially covered with tight, yellow-green, scale-like leaves, later turning reddish brown.
Bark: Gray with reddish brown furrows and long, scaly, irregular ridges.
Form: Small tree or large shrub with a wide spreading, irregular crown.

Looks like: western juniper - Utah juniper - Arizona cypress - Tecate cypress
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Juniperus californica is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting California juniper.
External Links:
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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