Japanese holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex crenata Thunb. Listen to the Latin symbol: ILCR2 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical to obovate, very small (1/2 to 3/4 inch long), shallowly toothed on upper half or margin entire, shiny dark green above, dull light green below.
Flower: Species is dioecious; small (1/3 to 1/2 inch across) white, 4-petaled, pale greenish center, appear in late spring.
Fruit: Black, round drupe, 1/4 to 1/3 inch in diameter, ripen in early fall, persistent into spring.
Twig: Slender, yellow-green, often pubescent, buds small, leaf scar with 1 bundle scar.
Bark: Smooth, light greenish brown to gray.
Form: Most planted cultivars are a small shrub with a very dense crown, rarely exceeds 3 feet in height. Some varieties are more upright and the native species is a small tree.

Looks like: boxwood - Chinese holly - yaupon - myrtle holly
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Ilex crenata is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and is not known to widely escape cultivaton.
External Links:
USDA Plants Database
Horticulture
© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
Virginia Tech Homepage CNRE FREC