boxwood Buxaceae Buxus
sempervirens L. symbol: BUSE2
Leaf: Opposite, simple, elliptical to oblong, entire margin, evergreen, 1/2 to 1 inch long, shiny dark green above, paler below where the midvein is light yellow. Foliage is very smelly.
Flower: Pale yellow, in tight round clusters in the leaf axils, 1/2 inch across, appearing in late spring.
Fruit: Dry, 3 parted capsule, 1/3 inch long, 3 small horns at the top, mature in late summer.
Twig: Slender, grooved or angled, green, buds are small.
Bark: Light brown and very finely grooved and furrowed, develops a very small square pattern.
Form: Large, round dense shrub with foliage to the ground; may reach 15 feet in height.
Looks like: Japanese holly
Additional Range Information: Buxus sempervirens is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and is not known to widely escape cultivaton.
External Links: USDA Plants Database - Horticulture Information
All material © 2018 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range maps courtesy USGS from USDA "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr., Vol. 1 (1971) 3 (1976) 4 (1977) 5 (1978)