Chinese holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex cornuta Lindl. & Paxton Listen to the Latin symbol: ILCO80 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, margin with varying number of spines, some leaves have only a terminal spine, shiny dark green above, dull green below, glassy feeling.
Flower: Species is dioecious; small, white, 4-petaled, 1/4 to 1/3 inch wide, not showy, male flowers very fragrant, appearing in early spring.
Fruit: Bright red, round drupe, 1/3 to 1/2 inch in diameter, occur in clusters of 4 to 8, very showy, persistent.
Twig: Slender, green turning reddish green in the winter, buds small, leaf scar with 1 bundle scar.
Bark: Smooth, gray, with size becoming very finely flaky.
Form: Small tree that can reach 20 feet in height, with a round crown, often pruned.

Looks like: Foster's holly - American holly - spreading euonymus
leaf flower fruit twig bark form map
Additional Range Information:
Ilex cornuta is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and is not known to widely escape cultivaton.
External Links:
USDA Plants Database
Horticulture
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
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