Pacific silver fir Pinaceae Abies
amabilis (Douglas ex Louden) Douglas ex Forbes
|Leaf: Flattened needles, about 1 inch long, dark green above (no bloom) and silvery-white below (2 bands of bloom), apex usually notched (but may be pointed near the top of the crown), spirally arranged but clustered on upper side of twig; topmost needles point upward and forward, like a ski jumper.
Flower: Species is monoecious; male cones reddish and borne beneath the needles; female cones purple and borne upright near the top of the crown.
Fruit: Cone, 3 to 6 inches long, barrel-shaped, and borne upright on the twig; cone scales are deciduous, falling from the cone as seeds ripen; purple to purplish brown when mature.
Twig: Stiff, yellowish brown, and covered with round, flat leaf scars when needles fall. Buds are large, rounded, and covered with purple pitch; terminal buds usually occur in clusters of three or more.
Bark: Young bark is thin, grayish green, and covered with resin blisters; older bark remains relatively thin, but turns gray and scaly; often furrowed near the base.
Form: Moderate to large evergreen, commonly 150 to 180 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet in diameter. Long conical crown of dense foliage.
Looks like: grand fir
- subalpine fir
- California red fir
- noble fir
| Additional Range Information:
Abies amabilis is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting Pacific silver fir.
| External Links:
Silvics of North America
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson