Russian-olive Elaeagnaceae Elaeagnus
|Leaf: Alternate, simple, 1 to 3 inches long, 1/2 inch wide, linear or lanceolate in shape with an entire margin. Leaves are dull green to almost gray and distinctly scaly above, silvery and scaly below.
Flower: Bell-shaped, 3/8 to 5/8 inch long, very fragrant, lacking petals, silvery or whitish, appearing in spring.
Fruit: Berry-like achene, silvery reddish brown, 1/2 inch long, sweet and edible but quite dry, maturing in late summer.
Twig: Young branches are silvery and scaly, and may bear thorns. Later developing a shiny light brown color; buds are small, silvery-brown and rounded, covered with 4 scales.
Bark: Smooth and gray when young, becoming irregularly ridged and furrowed later.
Form: A shrub or small tree to 40 feet, rounded in outline.
Looks like: thorny-olive
- black willow
| Additional Range Information:
Elaeagnus angustifolia is planted in the USDA
hardiness zones shown above and may seed
into the landscape. See
states reporting Russian-olive.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2014, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson