silverberry Elaeagnaceae Elaeagnus commutata Bernh. ex Rydb. Listen to the Latin symbol: ELCO Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical to ovate, entire margins, 1 to 3 inches long, somewhat thickened silvery-shiny above and below with numerous silvery white scales.
Flower: Species is dioecious; male and female flowers both yellow, 1/2 inch long, corolla tubular and 4-lobed, fragrant, appearing in spring.
Fruit: A silvery-shiny drupe-like achene, 1/2 inch long and somewhat elongated, ripen in early fall and often occur in great abundance, edible but somewhat dry.
Twig: Slender, light brown and covered in reddish brown, scruffy scales; buds stalked with valvate scales, flower buds more round.
Bark: Shiny reddish gray with numerous lenticels that develop into larger cracks and splits.
Form: A small shrub reaching up to 15 feet in height with a dense rounded crown. Root suckers are common, so often in dense stands.

Looks like: buffaloberry - autumn-olive - Russian-olive - roundleaf buffaloberry
leaf twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Elaeagnus commutata is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting silverberry.
External Links:
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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