Leaf: Alternate, simple, lanceolate to linear, 2 to 5 inches long and very narrow, entire or with a few scattered teeth, green to gray-green above, paler and may be hairy below.
Flower: Species is dioecious; 1 to 2 1/2 inches long, fuzzy catkins on a slender 1 inch stem, yellowish white, appearing in spring with the leaves.
Fruit: Small (1/4 inch), long-pointed capsules in long, narrow clusters; each capsule contains numerous small fuzzy seeds.
Twig: Slender, pale green to tan, may be reddish in winter, fuzzy or not; buds covered by a single cap-like scale.
Bark: Silvery gray to gray-green, becoming shallowly fissured with time.
Form: A thicket forming shrub with numerous small diameter stems, spreads by underground root suckering, may reach up to 25 feet tall.
Looks like: arroyo willow - purpleosier willow - Lemmon's willow - Goodding's willow
Additional Range Information: Salix exigua is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. Download the full-size PDF map.
External Links: USDAFS FEIS Silvics - USDA Plants Database
All material © 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information