white spruce Pinaceae Picea glauca (Moench) Voss Listen to the Latin play symbol: PIGL Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Evergreen needles, stiff, 1/3 to 3/4 inch long, square in cross section, needle tips are pointed but not sharp, when crushed a pungent odor is apparent (some say similar to cat urine), green to gray-green. Each needle borne on a raised, woody peg (sterigma).
Flower: Species is monoecious; males emerge reddish but turn yellow when shedding pollen; females purple.
Fruit: Cones are 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long, cigar shaped, light brown in color, scales are rounded with entire margins, mature in late summer.
Twig: Slender, light brown or pale, sometimes glaucous, hairless. Needles borne on woody pegs.
Bark: Thin, gray-brown in color, smooth, later flaky or scaly.
Form: Conical, medium sized trees reaching up to 90 feet tall.

Looks like: black spruce - red spruce - Sitka spruce - blue spruce
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Picea glauca is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting white spruce.
More: Wood
External Links:
USDAFS Silvics of North America
USDAFS Additional Silvics
Landowner Factsheet
USDA Plants Database
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and Environmental Conservation,
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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