oneseed hawthorn Rosaceae Crataegus
monogyna Jacq. symbol: CRMO3
Leaf: Alternate, simple, 1 to 2 inches long, obovate, serrate and deeply lobed, subtending long thorns, dark green above and paler below.
Flower: Perfect, small white flowers 1/4 to 1/2 inch, with 5 petals produced in clusters near the end of the twig, appearing in mid to late spring.
Fruit: Small dark red pomes, 1/4 to 1/2 inch in diameter; maturing in the early fall.
Twig: Slender, gray; buds dark, shiny red and round; bearing obvious, stiff, 1 inch long thorns; leaf scars contain 3 bundle scars.
Bark: Smooth and red-brown when young, later turning gray and scaly.
Form: Erect, spreading deciduous shrub or small tree 15-40’ tall.
Looks like: oceanspray - Oregon crabapple
Additional Range Information: Crataegus monogyna is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and may seed into the landscape. See states reporting oneseed hawthorn.
External Links: USDA Plants Database
All material © 2018 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range maps courtesy USGS from USDA "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr., Vol. 1 (1971) 3 (1976) 4 (1977) 5 (1978)