coyotebrush Asteraceae Baccharis
pilularis DC. symbol: BAPI
Leaf: Simple, alternate, persistent, 1/2 to 2 inches long, obovate to oblanceolate, gray-green, thick and waxy, margins entire near the base but sparsely and coarsely toothed above, revolute, base wedge-shaped, apex acute to rounded, 3 principal veins.
Flower: Species is dioecious, female flowers white, male flowers yellow; small but profuse and borne in small upright clusters; present August-December.
Fruit: Tufted achenes (similar to thistles), tiny, light, and wind-borne.
Twig: Young twigs are slender, brown, minutely pubescent, and finely ribbed; older twigs gray-brown, ribbed, and roughened by leaf scars.
Bark: Gray-brown and rough.
Form: An evergreen shrub that may grow prostrate or upright to 9 feet. May form dense mats on sand dunes.
Looks like: mule fat
Additional Range Information: Baccharis pilularis is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. See states reporting coyotebrush.
External Links: USDAFS FEIS Silvics - USDA Plants Database
All material © 2018 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range maps courtesy USGS from USDA "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr., Vol. 1 (1971) 3 (1976) 4 (1977) 5 (1978)