cedar elm Ulmaceae Ulmus
|Leaf: Alternate, simple, narrowly ovate to nearly lanceolate, 1 to 2 inches long, inequalateral base, coarsly toothed margins with somewhat rounded teeth, thick and slightly leathery, dark green and rough above with soft hairs beneath.
Flower: Species is monoecious; small, reddish, in clusters of 3 to 5, appearing in late summer and fall.
Fruit: Single-seeded flat football-shaped samara, notched at tip, 3/8-1/2 inch long, covered with soft white hair, ripens in the fall.
Twig: Slender, often with corky ridges, zig zaged, brownish; buds small ovate and pointed, reddish brown.
Bark: Light brown, furrowed into scaly ridges.
Form: Medium sized tree to 60 feet with rounded crown of drooping branches.
*text and photos courtesy Oana Popescu and Carol Loopstra, Texas A&M
Looks like: winged elm
- American elm
- slippery elm
- field elm
| Additional Range Information:
Ulmus crassifolia is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting cedar elm.
| External Links:
Silvics of North America
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson