cedar elm Ulmaceae Ulmus
crassifolia Nutt. symbol: ULCR
Leaf: Alternate, simple, narrowly ovate to nearly lanceolate, 1 to 2 inches long, inequalateral base, coarsly toothed margins with somewhat rounded teeth, thick and slightly leathery, dark green and rough above with soft hairs beneath.
Flower: Species is monoecious; small, reddish, in clusters of 3 to 5, appearing in late summer and fall.
Fruit: Single-seeded flat football-shaped samara, notched at tip, 3/8-1/2 inch long, covered with soft white hair, ripens in the fall.
Twig: Slender, often with corky ridges, zig zaged, brownish; buds small ovate and pointed, reddish brown.
Bark: Light brown, furrowed into scaly ridges.
Form: Medium sized tree to 60 feet with rounded crown of drooping branches. *text and photos courtesy Oana Popescu and Carol Loopstra, Texas A&M
Looks like: winged elm - American elm - slippery elm - field elm
Additional Range Information: Ulmus crassifolia is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. See states reporting cedar elm.
External Links: USDAFS Silvics of North America - USDA Plants Database - Horticulture Information
All material © 2018 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range maps courtesy USGS from USDA "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr., Vol. 1 (1971) 3 (1976) 4 (1977) 5 (1978)