coconut palm Arecaceae Cocos
|Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, up to 18 feet long; individual leaflets, lance shaped and 2 to 3 feet long, dark green, arching, the leaf bases wrapped by a burlap-like husk.
Flower: Occur on a dense, upright slightly-branched cluster, white, appearing in spring, the whole structure wrapped in a sheath.
Fruit: A coconut, perhaps one of the best known and most useful fruits in the world. Technically a large drupe with a fibrous outer husk and a woody inner shell, which contains the white "meat" (copra) and coconut "milk", generally in clusters.
Bark: Light grayish brown, ringed, becoming more smooth with age.
Form: Tall, slender, straight tree with a gracefully curved trunk reaching up to 80 feet tall, feathery top.
Looks like: queen palm
- royal palm
- Canary Island date palm
| Additional Range Information:
Cocos nucifera is planted in the USDA
hardiness zones shown above and may seed
into the landscape. See
states reporting coconut palm.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson