Canary Island date palm Arecaceae Phoenix
canariensis hort. ex Chabaud
|Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, up to 20 feet long, arching gracefully; individual leaflets lance-shaped, 12 to 18 inches long, lower half of petiole covered with 2-3 inch sharp spines, shiny dark green above, feathery.
Flower: Species is dioecious; both males and females occur on dense, hanging many-branched 1 foot clusters, creamy yellow-white, opening from a husk-like structure, appearing periodically throughout the year.
Fruit: Fleshy drupe, elliptical, 1/2 to 1 inch long, orange-brown to dark purple, date-like, occurs in up to 18 inch hanging clusters, may be produced in quantity, ripen in summer and are edible.
Bark: Gray-brown, bases of dead leaves leave unique diamond shapes on the trunk.
Form: Single, massive trunk with a large round crown of up to 50 arching leaves; heights reaching over 60 feet.
Looks like: pygmy date palm
- coconut palm
- queen palm
- royal palm
| Additional Range Information:
Phoenix canariensis is planted in the USDA
hardiness zones shown above and is not known to widely escape
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson