Monterey cypress Cupressaceae Hesperocyparis
macrocarpa Hartw. ex Gord.
|Leaf: Evergreen, scale-like, blunt tipped, tight and crowded on the twig in opposite pairs resulting in a square twig, mostly lacking gland; bright green.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males are small, pale yellow-green at ends of branch tips, often in abundance; females small light green near branch tips.
Fruit: Dry, nearly round, woody, serotinous (open with fire) cones, 1 to 1 1/2 inches in diameter, 8 to 12 scales usually with a small, raised point in center, initially glaucous and green but turning dull brown when mature; mature in two growing seasons and remain on branches for several years.
Twig: Stout (for cypress), square, covered in scale-like leaves, overall a thick, coarse texture.
Bark: Fibrous with shallow, irregular furrows, gray.
Form: A medium sized tree reaching up to 80 feet tall, with a straight, narrow crown when young but spreading dramatically with age. When found along the coast, the tree and crown are typically wind swept and very picturesque; however, when planted in protected areas the tree will grow straight with a much narrower crown.
Looks like: Arizona cypress
- Tecate cypress
- Baker cypress
- Leyland cypress
| Additional Range Information:
Hesperocyparis macrocarpa is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting Monterey cypress.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson