|Leaf: Evergreen, scale-like, pointed, most are tight and crowded on the twig, commonly in 3's, yellow- to gray-green, gland dotted.
Flower: Species is dioecious; males are small pale yellow in large clusters at ends of twigs; females are small, round pale green, appearing in early fall.
Fruit: Berry-like cones, round, 1/3 inch in diameter, copper to copper-red and glaucous, hardening at maturity, 1 seed per fruit, matures in one growing season, dispersed in the fall.
Twig: Moderately stout, somewhat angular, initially covered with tight, yellow-green, scale-like leaves, later turning reddish brown.
Bark: Gray to brown with very irregular furrows and scaly, exfoliating ridges.
Form: A small, shrubby tree up to 20 feet tall, up turned branches develop close to the ground producing an open, round crown.
Looks like: alligator juniper
- oneseed juniper
- Rocky Mountain juniper
- eastern redcedar