Texas madrone Ericaceae Arbutus xalapensis Kunth Listen to the Latin symbol: ARXA80 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, evergreen, simple, broadly ovate, 2 to 4 inches long, entire margins, leathery, shiny green above, somewhat paler and (sometimes) pubescent beneath.
Flower: Perfect, urn-shaped, 1/4 inch long, white to pink, borne in clusters up to 3 inches long that appear early in the growing season.
Fruit: Small (1/4 inch), orange-red, berry-like drupes with pebbly skins, mature in late summer.
Twig: Stout, initially light green but turning orange-red to red-brown with time; buds broadly ovate and light red to reddish brown, with large imbricate scales.
Bark: Very attractive, with old dark bark exfoliating to reveal smooth new bark that ranges in color from light orange-pink to dark red.
Form: A small, often multi-trunk tree with a round crown, to 30 feet.

Looks like: Arizona madrone - Pacific madrone
leaf fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Arbutus xalapensis is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting Texas madrone.
External Links:
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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