Arizona madrone Ericaceae Arbutus
arizonica (A. Gray) Sarg. symbol: ARAR2
|Leaf: Evergreen, alternate, simple, narrowly ovate to lanceolate, 2 to 4 inches long, entire margins or finely toothed, leathery, shiny green above, somewhat paler beneath.
Flower: Perfect, urn-shaped, 1/4 inch long, white to pink, borne in clusters up to 3 inches long that appear early (and occasionally throughout) in the growing season.
Fruit: Small (1/4 inch), orange-red, berry-like drupes with pebbly skins, mature in late summer.
Twig: Stout, initially light green but turning orange-red to red-brown with time; buds broadly ovate and light red to reddish brown, with large imbricate scales.
Bark: Rough, largely light gray, but reddish in patches, broken up into small square plates.
Form: A small to medium tree reaching up to 40 feet tall generally with a crooked trunk and twisted branches.
Looks like: Texas madrone
- Pacific madrone
| Additional Range Information:
Arbutus arizonica is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting Arizona madrone.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2015, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson