bristlecone fir Pinaceae Abies
bracteata (D. Don) D. Don ex Poit.
|Leaf: Flattened needles, stiff, dark green above (no bloom); and silvery-white below (2 bands of bloom), 1 to 2 1/2 inches long and sharp-pointed, either 2-ranked or spirally arranged, very much resembling bigcone Douglas-fir.
Flower: Species is monoecious; male cones yellowish and borne beneath the leaves; female cones erect and purple-brown, covered by long, pointed bracts, and borne near the top of the crown.
Fruit: Very distinct, 2-4 inches long, ovoid, with bracts that extend up to 2 inches beyond the end of the scale, giving the cone a bottle brush appearance, borne upright and disintegrating at maturity.
Twig: Slender with long, sharp-pointed, non-resinous bud scales.
Bark: Red-brown to gray and smooth, eventually becoming scaly or somewhat ridged and furrowed.
Form: Bristlecone fir is a small to medium size tree with a narrow, spire-like crown.
Looks like: Douglas-fir
- grand fir
- California nutmeg
| Additional Range Information:
Abies bracteata is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting bristlecone fir.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson