Texas ebony Fabaceae Ebenopsis
ebano (Berl.) Barneby & Grimes
|Leaf: Alternate, evergreen, bipinnately compound, 2 to 3 inches long, with 2 to 3 pairs of major leaflets and 3 to 6 pairs of minor leaflets, each leaflet 1/4 inch long, leathery, oval to elliptical, very dark green (nearly black) above, paler below.
Flower: Small, yellowish white, fluffy heads in spikes 1/2 to 2 inches long, fragrant, spikes appearing in small groups in late spring and early summer.
Fruit: A 4 to 8 inch legume, very thick, woody and heavy, containing round black seeds (1/2 inch across), dark brown when ripe in the fall, splits open but remain on the tree for a long time.
Twig: Moderately stout, gray, zigzag, with a pair of slender spines (up to 1/2 inch long) at the base of each leaf.
Bark: Gray-brown to reddish brown, initially smooth but becoming quite scaly.
Form: Multi-stemmed large shrub to small tree (up to 30 feet) with a spreading crown, becoming more tree-like and larger in the southern parts of its range.
Looks like: catclaw acacia
- sweet acacia
| Additional Range Information:
Ebenopsis ebano is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting Texas ebony.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson