hawthorn Rosaceae Crataegus spp. L. Listen to the Latin play symbol: CRATA Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Highly variable, but generally alternate, simple, 2 to 4 inches long, serrate and lobed (may be unlobed), subtending long thorns, dark green above and paler below.
Flower: Perfect, usually small white flowers, with 5 petals produced in clusters near the end of the twig, appearing in mid to late spring.
Fruit: Small pomes, generally 1/4 inch in diameter, yellow to red when mature; maturing in the early fall.
Twig: Slender, gray in color, with true terminal buds that are usually dark, shiny red and round. Most species have obvious, stiff, 1 inch long thorns; leaf scars contain 3 bundle scars.
Bark: Smooth and gray-brown when young, later turning darker and scaly.
Form: Generally very dense shrubs or small trees up to 25 feet.

Looks like: apple - Callery pear - Oregon crabapple - oceanspray
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Crataegus spp. is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting hawthorn.
More: Fall Color
External Links:
USDAFS Additional Silvics
Landowner Factsheet
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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