swamp tupelo Cornaceae (Nyssaceae) Nyssa
biflora Walter symbol: NYBI
|Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical or narrowly obovate, entire margins, 3 to 6 inches long, 1 to 2 inches wide.
Flower: Pale green, small, males occur in large clusters, females in smaller groups, appearing with the leaves.
Fruit: Dark purplish-blue drupe, 1/2 to 5/8 inch long, prominent longitudinal, ridges on pit, slightly larger than Nyssa sylvatica.
Twig: Slender, red-brown to gray in color, with a diaphragmed pith, buds are initially green and light brown later turning to dark brown to reddish brown, spur shoots common.
Bark: Grayish brown with longitudinal exfoliating ridges as it gets older.
Form: Trunk is usually swollen at its base, clear trunk with a narrow crown, medium size tree.
Looks like: blackgum
- water tupelo
- Ogeechee tupelo
| Additional Range Information:
Nyssa biflora is native to North America.
may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting swamp tupelo.
More: Fall Color
| External Links:
Silvics of North America
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2014, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson