pinyon pine Pinaceae Pinus
|Leaf: Evergreen needles, 1 to 2 inches long, usually two per fascicle, coarse, stiff, thick, curved, blue-green or yellow-green.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males red, cylindrical, in clusters near ends of branches; females purplish at branch tips.
Fruit: Cones are ovoid, 2 inches long, short stalked, brown in color, with very thick cone scales; each scale contains two very large, edible "pine nuts"; maturing in the fall.
Twig: Stout and orange-brown, somewhat scraggly.
Bark: Scaly or with small plates, red-brown to gray.
Form: A small, spreading almost bushy tree with an irregular, rounded crown. reaching up to 45 feet tall.
Looks like: singleleaf pinyon
- Parry pine
| Additional Range Information:
Pinus edulis is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting pinyon pine.
| External Links:
Silvics of North America
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson