pinyon pine Pinaceae Pinus edulis Engelm. Listen to the Latin symbol: PIED Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Evergreen needles, 1 to 2 inches long, usually two per fascicle, coarse, stiff, thick, curved, blue-green or yellow-green.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males red, cylindrical, in clusters near ends of branches; females purplish at branch tips.
Fruit: Cones are ovoid, 2 inches long, short stalked, brown in color, with very thick cone scales; each scale contains two very large, edible "pine nuts"; maturing in the fall.
Twig: Stout and orange-brown, somewhat scraggly.
Bark: Scaly or with small plates, red-brown to gray.
Form: A small, spreading almost bushy tree with an irregular, rounded crown. reaching up to 45 feet tall.

Looks like: singleleaf pinyon - Parry pine
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Pinus edulis is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting pinyon pine.
External Links:
USDAFS Silvics of North America
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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