turkey oak Fagaceae Quercus laevis Walter Listen to the Latin symbol: QULA2 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, simple, 3 to 7 bristle-tipped lobes (mostly 3 and 5's), sinuses reach more than half way to midvein, 4 to 8 inches long, shiny green above, may have some brown pubescence below.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males hanging, slender catkins, 3 to 5 inches long; females small, either singly or in pairs.
Fruit: Acorn, 1 inch long, brown; cap is thin, reddish brown with fuzzy scales, encloses about 1/3 of nut.
Twig: Moderate to stout, gray to reddish brown, terminal buds are large (3/5 to 5/8 inch long), reddish brown and fuzzy, sharply pointed, lateral buds divergent.
Bark: Fairly thick, very rough with deep furrows and scaly ridges, at first gray-brown but can become nearly black.
Form: Small tree, 20 to 30 feet tall, short trunk, irregular spreading crown.

Looks like: blackjack oak - southern red oak
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Quercus laevis is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting turkey oak.
More: Fall Color
External Links:
USDAFS Silvics of North America
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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