Kentucky coffeetree Fabaceae Gymnocladus
dioicus (L.) K. Koch
|Leaf: Alternate, bipinnately compound, very large (1 to 3 feet long), with numerous 1 1/2 to 2 inch ovate leaflets, entire margins, green above, slightly paler below.
Flower: Species is dioecious; males and females in long (3 to 4 inch) branched clusters, whitish, appearing in late spring.
Fruit: Reddish brown, flat thickened pod, 3 to 8 inches long, 1 1/2 to 2 inches wide, contains 6 or more dark brown seeds imbeded in a sticky pulp, ripen in late summer.
Twig: Very stout, light brown with whitish patches, somewhat zigzag or wavy, large heart-shaped leaf scar, salmon colored pith; buds small and sunken.
Bark: Dark grayish brown, scaly, developing deep fissures with scaly ridges.
Form: Medium sized tree, with a wide spreading crown, 80 feet tall, 2 feet in diameter.
Looks like: black walnut
- smooth sumac
| Additional Range Information:
Gymnocladus dioicus is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting Kentucky coffeetree.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2015, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson