eastern hemlock Pinaceae Tsuga
canadensis (L.) Carrière symbol: TSCA
|Leaf: Evergreen, flat, single needles, 1/2 inch long, tapering to a dull point, primarily two-ranked, shiny dark green above, 2 lines of white stomata below.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males yellow, small, round; females light green at branch tips.
Fruit: Ovoid light brown cone, 3/4 inch long with rounded, entire scales, maturing in early fall.
Twig: Slender, gray-brown in color; buds are very small.
Bark: Initially gray-brown and smooth then turning scaly; older trees are red-brown with wide ridges and furrows; when cut or broken, purple streaks are obvious.
Form: A medium sized tree with a dense, conical crown, fine branches and a drooping terminal shoot reaching up to 80 feet tall, typically a poor natural pruner.
Looks like: Carolina hemlock
- western hemlock
- mountain hemlock
- English yew
| Additional Range Information:
Tsuga canadensis is native to North America.
may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting eastern hemlock.
| External Links:
Silvics of North America
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2014, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson