red pine Pinaceae Pinus
resinosa Aiton symbol: PIRE
Leaf: Evergreen needles, 4 to 6 inches long, with two needles per fascicle that snap cleanly when bent, dark green.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males almost round, light red, in large clusters at branch tips; females a round, short cone, reddish brown.
Fruit: Cones are ovoid, 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long, shiny chestnut brown, umbo is not armed, maturing in early summer.
Twig: Medium textured, orange-brown in color with narrow, ovoid orange-brown buds.
Bark: On young trees, red-brown or pink to gray, flaky; eventually becoming plated, the plates have scaly surfaces with a reddish tinge.
Form: A medium size tree reaching up to 90 feet tall, with oval crown and a clear bole. Foliage is tufted, resembling a fox tail.
Looks like: Austrian pine - Japanese black pine - Japanese red pine
Additional Range Information: Pinus resinosa is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. See states reporting red pine.
More Information: Landowner Factsheet
External Links: USDAFS Silvics of North America - USDAFS FEIS Silvics - USDA Plants Database - USDAFS Forest Products Lab
All material © 2018 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654