Austrian pine Pinaceae Pinus nigra Arnold Listen to the Latin symbol: PINI Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Evergreen needles, 4 to 6 inches long, flexible with two thick, dark green needles per fascicle.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, yellow, in large clusters along twigs; females oval, yellow to purple.
Fruit: Cones are ovoid, 2 to 3 inches long, yellow-brown; umbo is armed with a very short, minute prickle, maturing in the fall.
Twig: Quite stout, brown to gray in color with a large white, ovoid terminal bud.
Bark: Brown to gray, developing gray-brown ridges and dark brown furrows.
Form: A medium sized tree reaching up to 100 feet tall with a very dense crown (needles retained up to 4 years) that eventually develops a flat top.

Looks like: Afghan pine - red pine - Japanese black pine - Japanese red pine
leaf flower fruit twig bark form map
Additional Range Information:
Pinus nigra is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and may seed into the landscape. See states reporting Austrian pine.
External Links:
USDAFS Silvics of North America
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
Horticulture
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