slash pine Pinaceae Pinus
elliottii Engelm. symbol: PIEL
|Leaf: Evergreen needles, 7 to 10 inches long, flexible, with three (sometimes two) needles per fascicle, fascicle sheath is quite long and persistent; dark green in color.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, red to yellow, in clusters at ends of twigs; females red to green, stalked, oval.
Fruit: Cones are 3 to 6 inches long, ovoid, borne on a stalk, caramel colored; the umbo is armed with a small, out-curved spine; maturing in fall.
Twig: Quite stout, orange-brown in color.
Bark: Red-brown and furrowed when young, becoming very platy. The surfaces of the plates are covered with thin, loose scales that flake off, revealing a light brown to cinnamon color.
Form: A medium sized tree with a narrowly ovoid crown capable of reaching over 100 feet tall. Needles appear to be tufted at the ends of the branches.
Looks like: longleaf pine
- loblolly pine
- pond pine
| Additional Range Information:
Pinus elliottii is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting slash pine.
| External Links:
Silvics of North America
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2015, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson