Balsam fir is an important conifer of the northernmost parts of eastern and central U.S. and Canada. It is both commercially useful and integral to the survival many species of northern wildlife.
Balsam fir is very shade tolerant and is regenerated by shelterwood and group selection methods. Because of its shade tolerance, advanced regeneration is often in great abundance in the understory.
Balsam fir is found in cold climates, and requires abundant moisture for best growth.
Balsam fir is a small to medium sized tree reaching 80 feet tall with a very narrow, spire-like crown.
Balsam fir is used for light frame construction lumber, cabin logs, paneling, crates, pulpwood, and Christmas trees and wreaths.
Balsam fir provides a variety of wildlife with food and cover. Moose eat the vegetation extensively in the winter. Black bears strip off the bark and lick the exposed tissue.
Attracts mice, voles, red squirrels, birds, deer, moose, black bear
Insects and Diseases
Balsam fir is a common Christmas tree, and the foliage is often used for decoration. Wood is often used as pulpwood. Oleoresin, or Canada balsam, is a gummy substance found within the bubbles of balsam fir's bark. It was once used as the primary medium for mounting microscope slides.
Abies: ancient name - rising or tall tree, name for the European fir / balsamea: balsam-producing
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