A tree of the dry and rocky ridges of the southern Appalachians and adjacent Piedmont, Table Mountain pine is very fire adapted, and actually needs fire to reproduce.
Clearcutting and fire are necessary to regenerate Table Mountain pine stands.
Table Mountain pine is found on dry ridges and on drier rocky slopes.
A small to medium sized tree up to 65 feet tall with an irregular crown that supports several large, heavy branches, often with numerous, persistent, closed cones.
Mostly small and found growing on poor sites, Table Mountain pine rarely produces a merchantable stem. When it does, the logs are mixed with other yellow pine.
Cones are armed but can be a significant food source. Trees provide cover on sparsely covered ridges.
Attracts red squirrels
Insects and Diseases
Table Mountain pine is very tolerant of poor sites, and often occupies the driest ridges. Cones are partially serotinous (opening with heat) and commonly seeds heavily following fire. The tree is named after where it was first identified - near Table Rock Mountain in Burke Co. North Carolina.
Pinus: Latin name for pine from Greek "pitus" / pungens: sharp (cones) - Latin "pungere" (to prick)
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