Japanese red pine Pinaceae Pinus
densiflora Siebold & Zucc.
Leaf: Evergreen needles in fascicles of 2, slender, twisted, 3 to 5 inches long, appear tufted on the branches, dark green, a common cultivar 'Oculus-draconis' is marked with two yellow bands.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, yellowish in clusters, females yellow-green to purple.
Fruit: Cones, singly or clustered, about 2 inches long, dull brown with a short spine.
Twig: Young stems are green and smooth, developing flaky orange-red appearance.
Bark: Upper crown bark is bright orangish and peeling, very similar to Pinus sylvestris, older bark develops plates and becomes gray.
Form: Small to medium sized tree that can reach heights of 80 feet or more (most seen in the landscape are much smaller), trunk is often leaning or wind swept looking, branches are typically horizontal.
Looks like: Japanese black pine - Scots pine - red pine - Virginia pine