Georgia oak Fagaceae Quercus
georgiana M.A. Curtis
Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate to obovate, 2 to 5 inches long, with 3 to 7 bristle tipped irregular lobes, base broadly wedge-shaped; dark green and shiny above, paler below with tufts of pubescence in the vein axils; turning red in the fall.
Flower: Species is monoecious; male flowers borne on 2 to 4 inch long pale reddish green catkins; reddish females borne on very short axillary spikes, appears with the leaves in mid-spring.
Fruit: Dark brown striated acorn, 1/3 to 1/2 inch long; saucer-shaped cap covers 1/3 of the nut, cap scales are tightly appressed, matures in the fall after two growing seasons.
Twig: Red-brown, glabrous; buds red-brown, ovoid, generally glabrous but may have some pubescence on the tips of the bud scales, with multiple end buds.
Bark: Gray-brown, initially smooth, becoming ridged and furrowed.
Form: A large shrub or a small tree to 50 feet, but more commonly less than 30 feet.