soapbark Rosaceae Quillaja saponaria
Leaf:Alternate, simple, evergreen, to 2 inches long, thick and leathery, oval, edges entire or with a few blunt teeth (actually water secreting pores); dark green and shiny above and below.
Flower:Species is monoecious; individual flowers are white with yellow anthers, 1/2 inch across, obviously 5-parted, borne in umbrella-shaped clusters at the branch tips.
Fruit:A very distinctive round leathery 5-parted capsule, 2 inches in diameter, containing 1/2 inch samaras; ripening in fall and persisting into winter.
Twig:Green to red-brown or gray-brown, pubescent; buds ovoid or conic.
Bark:Initially smooth, becoming plated, gray-brown to red-brown.
Form:A small tree to 75 feet tall with a twisted bole and a dense irregular crown.