Swiss stone pine Pinaceae Pinus cembra

Leaf:Evergreen needles, 2 to 3 1/2 inches long in fascicles of 5, thin, straight, green to blue-green, white stomatal lines on inner edges, deciduous fascicle sheath, dense foliage, persisting for 3 to 5 years.
Flower:Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, purple, in tight clusters at branch tips; females, reddish purple in small groups at branch tips.
Fruit:Woody cone, nearly round, up to 3 inches long, thick, purple-brown scales, scales remain closed; large, wingless edible seed, seeds are disseminated by birds and when cones fall to the ground and rot.
Twig:Moderately stout, densely covered in orange-brown hairs when young, later becoming smooth; ovoid buds are reddish brown.
Bark:Smooth green-gray when young, becoming furrowed with flat scaly gray-brown ridges.
Form:Reaches up to 80 feet tall, generally shorter in the landscape, initially with a narrow, dense crown, later becoming broader and more open with upturned branches that are retained close to the ground, very picturesque in its high elevation native habitat.

leaf fruit twig bark form map