Texas ebony Fabaceae Ebenopsis ebano
Leaf:Alternate, evergreen, bipinnately compound, 2 to 3 inches long, with 2 to 3 pairs of major leaflets and 3 to 6 pairs of minor leaflets, each leaflet 1/4 inch long, leathery, oval to elliptical, very dark green (nearly black) above, paler below.
Flower:Small, yellowish white, fluffy heads in spikes 1/2 to 2 inches long, fragrant, spikes appearing in small groups in late spring and early summer.
Fruit:A 4 to 8 inch legume, very thick, woody and heavy, containing round black seeds (1/2 inch across), dark brown when ripe in the fall, splits open but remain on the tree for a long time.
Twig:Moderately stout, gray, zigzag, with a pair of slender spines (up to 1/2 inch long) at the base of each leaf.
Bark:Gray-brown to reddish brown, initially smooth but becoming quite scaly.
Form:Multi-stemmed large shrub to small tree (up to 30 feet) with a spreading crown, becoming more tree-like and larger in the southern parts of its range.