California black walnut Juglandaceae Juglans californica
Leaf:Alternate, pinnately compound with 9 to 15 leaflets, 7 to 12 inches long, leaflets are narrowly ovate to lanceolate and finely serrated margins, 1 to 3 inches long, shiny green above and paler below.
Flower:Species is monoecious; male flowers in yellow-green hanging catkins, 2 to 3 inches long from last year twigs; female flowers are very small and occur on short spikes either singly or in clusters of 2 or 3 near the ends of the current year twigs, appearing in spring with the leaves.
Fruit:Round nut, 1 to 1 1/2 inches in diameter; husk is thin, initially bright green but turning brown; nut is shallowly grooved, maturing in fall.
Twig:Stout, initially green but turning reddish brown, buds are scruffy light brown; leaf scar very large, raised and 3-lobed; pith chambered.
Bark:Gray to brown, shallowly fissured, ridges flat topped and scaly.
Form:A small to medium sized tree ranging from 20 to 40 feet tall, most trees fork into several trunks near the ground and have an over all v-shape.