common Chinafir Cupressaceae Cunninghamia lanceolata
Leaf:Evergreen, linear, gradually tapering to a sharp point, 1 to 3 inches long, thick and tough, spirally arranged but displayed two-ranked; shiny dark green above, two broad white stomatal bands below; remain alive for up to 5 years and are very persistent when dead.
Flower:Species is monoecious; males cylindrical in terminal clusters, yellow-brown; females globuse, yellow-green and terminal.
Fruit:Round cones 1 1/2 to 2 inches across, reflexed pointed scales, usually several together at the ends of branches, persistent.
Twig:Green the first year, needles densely arranged, young branches whorled, later becoming more irregular.
Bark:Gray-brown on the outside, irregularly scaly and peeling to reveal the reddish brown inner bark.
Form:Conical crown with a broad base up to 75 feet tall.