red mangrove Rhizophoraceae Rhizophora mangle

Leaf:Opposite, simple, elliptical, entire margin, evergreen, thickened, 1 to 5 inches long, shiny green above, paler below.
Flower:Pale yellow, 4 petals in small cluster from leaf axils.
Fruit:Reddish brown, egg-shaped, 1 to 1 1/2 inches long, often germinate while still on the tree.
Twig:Stout, reddish brown, long (1 to 1 1/2 inches) green buds.
Bark:Initially smooth, later develops long, flat scaly gray ridges, furrows split revealing a reddish brown.
Form:Shrubby small tree that may reach up to 80 feet tall, reddish, tangled prop roots common that originate from the trunk and branches.

leaf fruit twig bark form map