chokeberry Rosaceae Aronia arbutifolia
Leaf:Alternate, simple, elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long, finely serrated margins, shiny dark green above, midrib has stiff, raised dark glands on upper surface (may need a handlens), much paler and fuzzy below, orange-red fall color.
Flower:White, 5 petals, 1/2 inch across, dark anthers, occur in clusters at ends of twig, appearing in spring.
Fruit:Small pome, 1/4 inch, reddish, ripen in late summer to early fall, persistant.
Twig:Slender, reddish brown, generally pubescent, terminal buds long, 1/3 to 1/2 inch (resembles serviceberry), leaf scars narrow.
Bark:Reddish brown, smooth, lenticeled, developing diamond-shaped splits.
Form:Upright shrub to 15 feet, often multi-stemmed.