bigleaf maple Aceraceae Acer macrophyllum
Leaf:Opposite, simple, deciduous, 6 to 12 inches in diameter, but sometimes larger; palmately lobed with 5 deep lobes, terminal lobe has a distinct waist; dark green above and lighter green below. Petiole exudes a milky sap.
Flower:Species is monoecious; small yellow flowers borne in long racemes; may be perfect or imperfect.
Fruit:Double samaras with wings 1 1/2 to 2 inches long, wings occur at acute angle, seed head hairy, seeds tan when ripe.
Twig:Stout, smooth, round, and pale green, turning bright green or red, then grayish brown; buds opposite, terminal bud large, stout, with 3 or 4 greenish red scales.
Bark:When young it is smooth and grayish brown, later becoming darker brown with interlacing ridges and furrows.
Form:A large tree, commonly 40 to 100 feet tall and 2 to 4 feet in diameter. In the open, it branches low to the ground and forms a rounded crown; in dense stands it grows taller and straighter. Commonly sprouts from the base and forms large basal burls.