eastern hemlock Pinaceae Tsuga canadensis

Leaf:Evergreen, flat, single needles, 1/2 inch long, tapering to a dull point, primarily two-ranked, shiny dark green above, 2 lines of white stomata below.
Flower:Species is monoecious; males yellow, small, round; females light green at branch tips.
Fruit:Ovoid light brown cone, 3/4 inch long with rounded, entire scales, maturing in early fall.
Twig:Slender, gray-brown in color; buds are very small.
Bark:Initially gray-brown and smooth then turning scaly; older trees are red-brown with wide ridges and furrows; when cut or broken, purple streaks are obvious.
Form:A medium sized tree with a dense, conical crown, fine branches and a drooping terminal shoot reaching up to 80 feet tall, typically a poor natural pruner.

leaf flower fruit twig bark form map