English yew Taxaceae Taxus baccata
Leaf:Evergreen needles, single, spirally arranged but appearing 2-ranked on shaded branches, 1 inch long, long pointed tip, needles typically angled upward forming a V-shape on branch, dark green and shiny above, yellow or pale green below with 8-10 stomatal rows.
Flower:Species is dioecious; male flowers are small, round, and yellow and are borne on the undersides of the leaves; female flowers are solitary.
Fruit:Naked ovoid seed 1/4 inch long, surrounded by a bright red, fleshy aril, maturing in late summer, persistent through fall.
Twig:Light green in color, turning brown after several years; buds green with scales keeled.
Bark:Dark, usually red-purple, and scaly or somewhat peeling.
Form:Small tree or large shrub up to 60 feet tall with many limbed boles and a short trunk.