VNLA

Virginia Nursery and Landscape Association


Email: info@vnla.org

Tree Canopy Spread & Coverage in Urban Landscapes

VT Urban Forestry

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Botanical Name
Spread at Planting (ft)
10 Year Spread (ft)
10 Year Coverage (sq ft)
20 Year Spread (ft)

20 Year Coverage (sq ft)

Deciduous Species
Acer barbatum
5-5
9-12
61-106
13-17
132-228
Acer buergeranum
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Acer campestre
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Acer ginnala
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Acer palmatum
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Acer platanoides
5-7
12-15
113-176
15-20
177-314
Acer pseudoplatanus
5-7
12-15
113-176
15-20
177-314
Acer rubrum
5-7
12-15
113-176
15-20
177-314
Acer saccharinum
5-7
15-17
176-226
18-25
280-491
Acer saccharum
5-7
12-15
113-176
15-20
177-314
Acer truncatum
'Pacific Sunset'
6-6
14-16
159-198
19-21
291-344
Acer xfreemanii
'Autumn Blaze'
5-7
13-15
132-176
18-21
254-346
Aesculus flava
5-5
8-10
51-85
13-17
128-240
Aesculus glabra
5-5
8-10
47-78
12-16
110-208
Aesculus hippocastanum
5-7
12-15
113-176
17-22
254-380
Aesculus pavia
4-4
8-11
55-88
11-15
88-177
Albizia julibrissin
3-4
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Alnus glutinosa
5-7
10-12
78-113
15-17
177-254
Amelanchier arborea
4-6
10-12
78-113
14-16
154-201
Amelanchier canadensis
2-3
6-7
28-38
10-13
78-132
Amelanchier laevis
4-6
10-12
78-113
14-16
154-201
Amelanchier xgrandiflora
2-3
7-8
38-50
11-13
95-132
Betula maximowicziana
3-5
10-12
78-113
15-17
177-254
Betula nigra
5-7
13-16
132-201
17-20
254-314
Betula papyrifera
4-6
10-12
78-113
15-17
177-254
Betula pendula
3-5
10-12
78-113
17-20
254-314
Betula platyphylla
3-5
10-12
78-113
15-17
177-254
Betula populifolia
4-4
7-11
39-88
9-16
70-192
Carpinus betulus
'Fastigiata'
2-3
6-8
28-50
10-11
79-113
Carpinus caroliniana
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Carya alba
8-8
9-11
69-102
12-14
118-210
Carya illinoiensis
5-7
15-17
176-226
20-25
314-491
Carya ovata
5-7
10-13
78-132
11-15
113-177
Castanea mollissima
5-7
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Celtis laevigata
5-7
12-14
113-153
15-17
177-254
Celtis occidentalis
5-7
13-16
132-201
17-22
254-380
Cercidiphyllum japonicum
2-3
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Cercis canadensis
2-3
10-12
78-113
13-16
133-201
Cercis chinensis
2-3
8-10
50-78
9-13
70-133
Chioanthus virginicus
2-3
8-10
50-78
10-11
79-113
Chionanthus retusus
2-3
9-12
63-113
14-19
153-283
Cladrastis lutea
3-5
12-15
113-176
15-17
177-254
Cornus florida
2-3
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Cornus kousa
2-3
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Cornus mas
2-3
6-8
28-50
7-11
50-113
Corylus colurna
4-4
8-10
45-62
11-15
101-167
Cotinus coggygria
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Crataegus crus-galli
3-4
11-12
95-113
11-15
113-177
Crataegus phaenopyrum
3-4
8-10
50-78
10-37
79-113
Crataegus viridis
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Diospyros virginiana
4-6
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Elaeagnus angustifolia
3-4
10-12
78-113
15-17
177-254
Eucommia ulmoides
4-6
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Fagus grandifolia
4-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Fagus sylvatica
4-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Franklinia alatamaha
2-3
8-10
50-78
10-13
79-133
Fraxinus americana
4-5
12-15
113-176
15-17
177-254
Fraxinus angustifolia
5-5
11-12
92-119
17-20
217-299
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
'Summit'
4-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
4-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
'Marshall's Seedless'
4-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
'Patmore'
4-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Ginkgo biloba
'Autumn Gold'
3-5
10-11
78-95
12-14
113-153
Ginkgo biloba
'Sentry'
2-3
6-8
28-50
7-10
50-79
Ginkgo biloba
3-5
8-10
50-78
10-13
79-133
Gleditsia triacanthos
var. inermis
3-5
13-16
132-201
16-20
201-314
Gleditsia triacanthos
'Imperial'
3-5
13-16
132-201
16-20
201-314
Gleditsia triacanthos
'Skyline'
3-5
13-16
132-201
16-20
201-314
Gleditsia triacanthos
'Shademaster'
3-5
13-16
132-201
16-20
201-314
Gymnocladus dioicus
5-7
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Halesia tetraptera
2-3
8-10
50-78
14-17
153-226
Hammamelis virginiana
3-4
9-12
63-113
14-18
153-254
Juglans nigra
5-7
12-15
113-176
17-20
254-314
Juglans regia
6-6
14-16
163-207
21-25
337-500
Koelreuteria paniculata
2-3
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Lagerstroemia indica
3-4
6-8
28-50
11-15
113-177
Larix decidua
5-7
12-14
113-153
15-17
177-254
Larix kaempferi
3-3
8-9
53-65
14-16
160-201
Liquidambar styraciflua
'Rotundiloba'
5-7
10-11
78-95
15-16
176-201
Liquidamber styraciflua
5-7
12-15
113-176
15-17
177-254
Liriodendron tulipifera
5-7
12-15
113-176
15-17
177-254
Maackia amurensis
4-5
10-12
78-113
17-21
226-346
Maclura pomifera
5-7
13-15
132-176
17-20
254-314
Magnolia acuminata
5-7
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Magnolia macrophylla
3-4
7-9
38-63
10-11
79-113
Magnolia stellata
3-4
5-7
19-38
7-10
50-79
Magnolia virginiana
3-4
8-10
50-78
10-11
79-113
Magnolia xsoulangiana
3-4
8-10
50-78
10-15
79-177
Malus spp.
3-4
8-12
50-113
10-15
79-177
Metasequoia glyptostroboides
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Morus spp.
5-7
12-15
113-176
12-20
117-314
Nyssa sylvatica
3-5
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Ostrya virginiana
5-5
8-9
46-66
12-16
117-202
Oxydendron arboreum
2-3
8-10
50-78
10-11
79-113
Parrotia persica
6-6
7-13
42-132
10-18
75-250
Phellodendron amurense
5-7
12-14
113-153
15-17
177-254
Pistacia chinensis
4-5
13-15
132-176
15-18
176-254
Platanus occidentalis
5-7
16-18
201-254
20-25
314-491
Platanus xacerifolia
5-7
14-16
153-201
17-22
254-380
Prunus cerasifera
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Prunus persica
3-4
6-8
28-50
10-11
79-112
Prunus sargentii
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Prunus serotina
5-7
10-12
78-113
13-16
133-201
Prunus serrulata
'Kwanzan'
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Prunus subhirtella
3-4
8-10
50-78
10-13
79-133
Prunus xyedoensis
3-4
8-10
50-78
10-13
79-133
Pyrus calleryana
'Bradford'
4-5
12-15
113-176
15-17
177-254
Pyrus calleryana
'Whitehouse'
3-5
8-10
50-78
10-11
79-113
Pyrus calleryana
'Redspire'
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Pyrus calleryana
'Capital'
3-5
6-8
28-50
7-10
50-79
Pyrus calleryana
'Autumn Blaze'
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Pyrus calleryana
'Aristocrat'
4-5
12-15
113-176
17-20
254-314
Pyrus calleryana
'Chanticleer'
3-5
6-8
28-50
7-10
50-79
Quercus acutissima
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Quercus alba
4-5
10-12
78-113
15-17
177-254
Quercus bicolor
4-5
10-12
78-113
15-17
177-254
Quercus coccinea
4-5
10-12
78-113
15-17
177-254
Quercus falcata
5-7
16-18
193-259
21-26
334-514
Quercus imbricaria
4-5
12-14
113-153
15-17
177-254
Quercus laurifolia
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Quercus laurifolia
'Darlington'
3-5
8-10
50-78
10-11
79-113
Quercus lyrata
4-5
13-17
132-226
17-22
226-380
Quercus macrocarpa
4-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Quercus michauxii
4-5
16-17
201-226
22-25
380-491
Quercus muehlenbergii
5-7
17-19
233-291
22-26
372-524
Quercus nigra
4-5
12-14
113-153
15-17
177-254
Quercus nuttallii
4-5
11-12
95-113
13-16
132-201
Quercus palustris
5-7
12-15
113-176
15-17
177-254
Quercus phellos
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Quercus prinus
4-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Quercus robur
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Quercus robur
'Fastigiata'
2-3
6-8
28-50
7-10
50-79
Quercus rubra
4-5
12-15
113-176
15-17
177-254
Quercus shumardii
4-5
12-13
113-132
18-19
254-283
Quercus velutina
5-7
13-14
139-170
18-21
281-370
Robinia pseudoacacia
3-4
8-10
50-78
10-13
79-133
Salix babylonica
4-5
15-17
176-226
20-25
314-491
Salix matsudana
'Tortuosa'
3-4
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Salix nigra
3-5
12-15
113-176
15-17
177-254
Sassafras albidum
5-5
8-11
51-94
12-18
107-241
Sophora japonica
3-4
10-12
78-113
15-17
177-254
Sorbus alnifolia
3-4
10-12
78-113
15-17
177-254
Stewartia koreana
2-3
6-8
28-50
10-11
79-113
Stewartia ovata
2-3
6-8
28-50
10-11
79-113
Stewartia pseudocamellia
2-3
6-8
28-50
10-11
79-113
Styrax japonicus
2-3
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Syringa reticulata
2-3
6-8
28-50
10-11
79-113
Taxodium ascendens
2-2
3-3
8-10
5-6
21-26
Taxodium disticum
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Tilia americana
'Legend'
3-4
12-15
113-176
17-20
227-314
Tilia americana
'Redmond'
3-4
12-15
113-176
17-20
227-314
Tilia cordata
'Greenspire'
3-4
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Tilia cordata
'Glenleven'
3-4
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Tilia tomentosa
3-4
13-14
132-153
17-20
226-314
Ulmus americana
'Princeton'
3-5
13-15
132-176
19-21
283-346
Ulmus americana
3-5
15-17
176-226
20-25
314-491
Ulmus hollandica
'Groenveldt'
3-5
12-15
113-176
17-22
254-380
Ulmus japonica x wilsoniana
'Accolade'
5-7
11-12
101-120
14-17
161-218
Ulmus parvifolia
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Viburnum prunifolium
3-3
3-4
8-16
4-8
16-46
Zelkova serrata
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Evergreen Species
Abies concolor
2-4
6-8
28-50
7-10
50-79
Abies fraseri
2-4
6-8
28-50
7-10
50-79
Calocedrus decurrens
2-3
3-5
7-19
4-5
13-28
Cedrus atlantica
3-4
6-8
28-50
10-11
79-113
Cedrus deodara
3-4
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
2-4
6-8
28-50
7-10
50-79
Chamaecyparis obtusa
2-3
3-5
7-19
5-6
20-38
Chamaecyparis pisifera
'Plumosa'
2-3
5-7
19-38
7-10
50-79
Chamaecyparis thyoides
2-3
5-7
19-38
7-10
50-79
Cryptomeria japonica
2-3
6-8
28-50
7-10
50-79
Cunninghamia lanceolata
3-4
6-8
28-50
11-15
113-177
Ilex aquifolium
2-4
4-6
12-28
5-7
28-50
Ilex opaca
2-4
5-7
19-38
6-10
38-79
Ilex vomitoria
2-4
5-7
19-38
6-10
38-79
Ilex x
‘Nellie R. Stevens'
3-5
7-9
38-63
10-11
79-113
Ilex xattenuata
'Fosteri'
2-4
6-8
28-50
7-10
50-79
Juniperus chinensis
'Torulosa'
3-5
2-4
3-12
2-5
7-20
Juniperus chinensis
'Denserecta'
3-5
2-4
3-12
2-5
7-20
Juniperus chinensis
'Hetzii Columnaris'
3-5
2-4
3-12
2-5
7-20
Juniperus chinensis
'Keteleeri'
3-5
4-6
12-28
5-7
28-50
Juniperus chinensis
'Robusta Green'
3-5
3-5
7-19
5-6
20-38
Juniperus chinensis
3-5
6-8
28-50
7-11
50-113
Juniperus scopulorum
'Moonglow'
2-3
2-4
3-12
2-5
7-20
Juniperus scopulorum
'Gray Gleam'
2-3
2-4
3-12
2-5
7-20
Juniperus scopulorum
'Erecta Glauca'
2-3
3-5
7-19
5-6
20-38
Juniperus scopulorum
'Columnaris'
2-3
2-4
3-12
2-5
7-20
Juniperus scopulorum
'Blue Heaven'
2-3
3-5
7-19
5-6
20-38
Juniperus scopulorum
'Cologreen'
2-3
2-4
3-12
2-5
7-20
Juniperus virginiana
'Princeton Sentry'
2-3
2-4
3-12
4-5
13-28
Juniperus virginiana
2-3
3-5
7-19
5-6
20-38
Juniperus virginiana
'Manhattan Blue'
2-3
2-4
3-12
4-5
13-28
Juniperus virginiana
'Canaertii'
2-3
3-5
7-19
5-6
20-38
Magnolia grandiflora
5-7
12-14
113-153
15-20
177-314
Magnolia grandiflora
'Little Gem'
1-2
3-4
7-12
6-7
28-38
Picea abies
3-4
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Picea glauca
3-4
8-10
50-78
10-11
79-113
Picea glauca
'Conica'
1-2
2-3
3-7
2-4
7-13
Picea omorika
2-3
3-5
7-19
5-6
20-38
Picea pungens
3-4
8-10
50-78
10-13
79-133
Picea pungens
'Hoopsii'
3-4
8-10
50-78
10-13
79-133
Picea pungens
'Thompsenii'
3-4
8-10
50-78
10-13
79-133
Pinus bungeana
3-5
6-8
28-50
7-10
50-79
Pinus echinata
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Pinus elliotti
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Pinus nigra
3-5
8-10
50-78
10-13
79-133
Pinus rigida
3-5
8-10
50-78
11-11
113-113
Pinus strobus
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Pinus sylvestris
3-5
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Pinus taeda
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Pinus thunbergiana
3-5
8-10
50-78
9-13
70-133
Pinus virginiana
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
Pseudotsuga menziesii
3-4
8-10
50-78
10-11
79-113
Quercus virginiana
4-5
10-15
78-176
15-20
177-314
Taxus baccata
2-3
5-7
19-38
6-10
38-79
Taxus baccata
'Fastigiata'
3-7
3-4
7-12
-
-
Taxus cuspidata
'Capitata'
2-3
6-8
28-50
-
-
Taxus cuspidata
2-3
3-5
7-19
5-6
20-38
Thuja occidentalis
3-4
3-5
7-19
5-7
20-50
Thuja orientalis
3-4
3-5
7-19
5-7
20-50
Thuja plicata
'Green Giant'
2-3
3-3
7-7
6-7
28-38
Tsuga canadensis
3-5
8-10
50-78
11-15
113-177
Tsuga caroliniana
3-5
10-12
78-113
11-15
113-177
xCupressocyparis Leylandii
3-5
8-10
50-78
10-11
79-113

 

Last Updated: 11/3/2010